The location of a number of the world’s finest Roman remains, Leptis Magna attests to the prosperity and status of the Roman Empire in North Africa. Leptis Magna benefited enormously when Septimius Severus became Roman emperor in AD 193. Throughout his reign, the population grew to some 70,000 individuals, and buildings had been raised to glorify his name. Within the sixth century, attacks by nomadic tribes ultimately led to the city’s abandonment, at which point sand dunes engulfed it, preserving the location that’s still being excavated at the moment.
Leptis Magna prospered underneath Roman rule as a significant commercial middle, but at the beginning of the third century, after the appointment of Septimius Severus as Roman emperor, the city underwent a change. Marble was imported from Asia Minor, Greece, and Italy, granite columns from Egypt, and the limestone buildings took on a grand appearance.
A promontory protects the harbor on the mouth of the Wadi Lebdah at Leptis Magna, and it’s right here that the Phoenicians settled within the seventh century BC. They exploited the fertile hinterland and traded olive oil, ivory, and animal skins all through the Carthaginian empire and across the Mediterranean. Throughout the early 3rd century AD, under the Roman emperor Septimius Severus, the harbor was rebuilt and enlarged. New quays, half-a-mile (1 km) long, have been constructed, with warehouses, a temple, and a watchtower, and a lighthouse was constructed on the promontory. The mooring blocks on the quay, which had been coated in sand quickly after completion, have been properly preserved.
The Roman ruler Lucius Septimius Severus was born in Leptis Magna in Roman North Afnca in AD 146. Considered an excellent soldier, Severus rose to the rank of consul and by one hundred ninety he was in command of the legions in Pannonia. Quickly after the murder of Emperor Pertinax in 193, Severus was proclaimed emperor. He was a robust but well-liked ruler, who was recognized for his lavish entertaining. His last campaign was to England in 208 to secure the Roman Empire’s northern border at Hadrian’s Wall. Severus died in York in 211 , while getting ready to invade Scotland.