Built in several stages from about 3000 BC, Stonehenge is Europe’s most well-known prehistoric monument. We can only guess at the rituals that happened right here, however the alignment of the stones leaves little doubt that the circle is linked with the sun and the passing of the seasons, and that its builders possessed an understanding of arithmetic and astronomy. Opposite to common belief, the circle was not constructed by the Druids; this Iron Age priestly cult flourished in Britain from round 250 BC, more than 1,000 years after Stonehenge was accomplished.
THE BEAKER PEOPLE
It’s believed that the Beaker people emerged in Britain round 2200 BC. They’re credited with constructing the Bluestone Circle at Stonehenge because concentric circles had been typical of their tradition and many of their pottery was unearthed within the vicinity. Their superior building strategies suggest that the Beaker folks have been sun worshipers, in addition to extremely organized and expert craftsmen. They created the Avenue, which runs straight towards the midsummer sun, and widened the entrance to the henge.
PURPOSE OF THE SITE
Despite centuries of archeological, rehgious, and mystical curiosity in Stonehenge, the site’s original function remains unknown. The constructing of this inscrutable prehistoric megalith has been attributed to Greeks, Phoenicians, Druids, and Atlanteans. Theories on the explanation why it was constructed vary from sacrificial ceremonies to astronomical calendars. Unearthed proof of burials suggests that human sacrifices occurred here, and most experts agree that Stonehenge has reiligious foundations. The arrangement of the stones fuels beliefs in an astronomical purpose. The importance of this site must have been great, because the stones used weren’t quarried regionally but brought from as distant as Wales.
Archeologists once claimed that Stonehenge was constructed by the Druids, the priestly class of the ancient Celts, who carried out ritualistic ceremonies and sacrifices right here. Though the location remains to be related to the Druids, radiocarbon dating has proved that it was raised more than 1,000 years earlier than they have been established within the area, and they might have used the prevailing site as a temple. In the present day, Stonehenge is known for modern Druid ceremonies and festivals. English Heritage, who control the location, allow Druid gatherings within the inner circle annually for the solstices and equinoxes.