Catholicism’s most sacred shrine, the splendid, marble-clad St. Peter’s Basilica attracts pilgrims and tourists from all around the world. It holds tons of of valuable artworks, some salvaged from the original 4th-century basilica constructed by Emperor Constantine, others commissioned from Renaissance and Baroque artists.
The dominant tone is set by Bernini, who created the baldacchino twisting up under Michelangelo‘s large dome. He additionally created the cathedral within the apse, with 4 saints supporting a throne that incorporates fragments once thought to be relics of the chair from which St. Peter delivered his first sermon.
MICHELANGELO AND BERNINI
The great Florentine artist, sculptor, architect, poet, and engineer Michelangelo Buonarroti was one of many towering figures of the Renaissance. One of his very early works, the Pieta, a technically accomplished masterpiece produced when he was only 25, is in St. Peter’s Basilica. Michelangelo felt that he was primarily a sculptor, however in 1508 he accepted Pope Julius II’s fee to color the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican. When it was accomplished, in 1512, it was instantly hailed as a masterpiece of the age. In 1546, Michelangelo was appointed chief architect of St. Peter’s Basilica and devoted the final years of his life to the constructing. Gianlorenzo Bernini (an Italian sculptor, architect, and painter) labored on numerous components of St. Peter’s Basilica for greater than fifty seven years.