The former summer residence of the imperial Habsburg family takes its name from a lovely spring found on the location. Leopold I requested the Baroque architect Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach to design a residence right here in 1695, nevertheless it was not till Empress Maria Theresa employed the Rococo architect Nikolaus Pacassi within the mid-18th century that it was accomplished. Wonderful gardens complement the palace.
The daughter of Emperor Charles VI, Maria Theresa grew to become archduchess of Austria and queen of Hungary and Bohemia on her father’s death in 1740. 5 years later, her husband, Duke Francis Stephen of Lorraine, was acknowledged as Holy Roman Emperor. Maria Theresa instigated quite a few reforms within the spirit of the Enlightenment. She initiated state-supported elementary colleges, introduced a brand new penal code, and lowered taxation. She additionally worked towards unifying Habsburg lands by centralizing control over the empire. One in all her sixteen kids was Marie Antoinette, who married Louis XVI of France.
Schönbrunn Palace stands on the location of the Katterburg, a 14th-century fort that belonged to the Neuburg Convent. By the time Emperor Maximilian II purchased the property in 1569, it included a mansion, a mill and stables. Maximilian meant to turn it right into a pleasure palace and a zoo, and indeed a palace was finally constructed within the mid-seventeenth century by the widow of Emperor Ferdinand II. She named it ” Schönbrunn ” after the “Schönen Brunnen” (lovely spring).
As architect to the court of Empress Maria Theresa, Nikolaus Pacassi oversaw the enlargement and redesign of Schönbrunn Palace. Along with Rococo artists and craftsmen, including Albert Bolla, Gregorio Guglielmi, lsidor Canevale, and Thaddaeus Adam Karner, Pacassi was accountable for creating the interiors of the state rooms and the personal quarters. The Schonbrunn Palace is famous for its intricate gilded stuccowork, elegant mirrored galleries, and exotic chinoiserie.