When Mount Vesuvius erupted in AD 79, the city of Pompeii, close to Naples, was completly buried in 20ft (6 m) of pumice and ash. It was rediscovered within the sixteenth century, however serious excavation only started in 1748. This amazing discovery revealed a whole city petrified in time. Houses, temples, artworks, and everyday objects have been unearthed, all in a remarkably good state of preservation, offering a unique insight into on a regular basis life at the peak of the Roman Empire.
VILLA OUTSIDE POMPEII
This huge villa outside Pompeii’s city walls, on Via dei Sepolcri, was constructed within the early 2nd century BC. Initially designed as an urban dwelling, it was later extended into an elegant country house. The villa is known for its inside ornament and incorporates a collection of effectively preserved fresco cycles. Probably the most well-known is in the salon and features 29 brightly coloured, lifesize figures towards a crimson background. They’re believed to symbolize a bride’s initiation into the Dionysian mysteries, or a postulant’s initiation into the Orphic mysteries.
Within the 1st century AD, Pompeii was a prosperous place. Once Etruscan, and later Greek, it was by AD 79 a thriving Roman commercial center, with baths, amphitheaters, temples, and splendid villas for the rich. The House of Julia Felix occupies a complete block, divided into the proprietor’s quarters and rented dwellings and shops. The home additionally had baths, which had been open to the general public. On the highest spot in Pompeii was the oblong, paved Forum, as soon as the market place. This was the heart of public life and the main focus for an important civic features, both secular and religious. The Amphitheater was used for gladiatorial fights and is the oldest of its sort on the planet.