Towering over the city, this majestic crimson sandstone construction is an enormous residential complex that was constructed between the twelfth and seventeenth centuries. Originally a supremely effectively-fortified Gothic castle, however now mostly in ruins, this was the seat of the House of Wittelsbach palatines. After remodeling within the sixteenth century, the citadel grew to become one among Germany’s most stunning Renaissance residences. Nonetheless, its splendor was extinguished in the course of the Thirty Years’ War (1618-48) and the 1689 battle with France, when a lot of the construction was destroyed.
Heidelberg is widely held to be Germany’s most romantic city and Heidelberg Castle was a favourite goal of early nineteenth-century revisionism, with poets such as Achim von Arnim, Clemens Brentano and Joseph von Eichendorff recasting it as the cradle of German Romanticism. The ruins got here to represent the creative, intellectual, and political return to Germany’s national roots that the poets so much needed to see. Since being destroyed by the French within the seventeenth century, this once-essential residence is thought to be Germany’s most palatial ruin.
Some of the important figures within the history of Heidelberg Castle was Elector Ruprecht III, a member of the Wittelsbach dynasty. Born in Amberg in 1352, Ruprecht became Elector of the Palatinate in 1398 and spearheaded a profitable campaign to depose Wenceslas, the Holy Roman Emperor, in 1400. Ruprecht was elected emperor in his place, though his election was not universally acknowledged. He died in Oppenheim in 1410, having failed to revive the crown to its former glory.
Inside the Gothic-style Ruprecht’s Palace, there are two models of the citadel displaying the assorted additions through the ages. In 1524, Ludwig V added a residential construction referred to as Ludwig’s Palace. The Glazed Palace, which is called after its mirrored corridor, symbolizes the architectural transition from Gothic to Renaissance style. Ottheinrich’s Palace is a splendid example of German early Renaissance structure, whereas Friedrich’s Palace has a typical late-Renaissance façade.