Among the best-preserved ancient cities on the planet, Ephesus is a high-quality example of Classical architecture. A Greek city was first established here in round 1000 BC and it quickly rose to prominence as a center for the worship of Cybele, the Anatolian mother goddess. The town we see in the present day was constructed by Alexander the Great’s successor, Lysimachus, within the 4th century BC. Nevertheless it was underneath the Romans that Ephesus turned the chief port in the Aegean. Many of the surviving constructions date from this era. The city declined when the harbor silted up, however it played an essential function within the spread of Christianity. It’s mentioned that the Virgin Mary spent her final days nearby, cared for by St. John the Evangelist, and two ecumenical councils of the early Church have been held right here in AD 431 and 449.
CHURCH OF ST. MARY
Occupying a spot of specific significance within the growth of Christianity, the Church of St. Mary, positioned close to the entrance to the location, is believed to be the first church on the planet devoted to the Virgin Mary. It was right here, in AD 431, that the Council of the Church accepted that Jesus, son of the Virgin Mary, was additionally the son of God. Use as a warehouse within the Roman period, the lengthy, narrow construction has been altered over time and was at one point used for training priests. Within the 4th century, it was transformed right into a basilica with a central nave and two aisles.
The archeological museum at Selçuk, 2 miles (3 km) from the excavations, is among the most important in Turkey. It contains lots of the exceptional artifacts uncovered at Ephesus since World War II. A complete corridor is dedicated to Artemis, the Greek goddess of chastity, hunting, and the moon. Different displays feature marble and bronze statues, historical frescoes, and wall paintings, jewels, Mycenean vases, gold and silver coins, Corinthian column heads, tombs, bronze and ivory friezes, and the altar from the Temple of Domitian.