A magical use of space, light, water, and ornament characterizes this most sensual piece of Moorish architecture. The Islamic Moors first arrived in Spain in 710. By the late thirteenth century, solely the Nasrid kingdom of Granada remained underneath their control, and the Alhambra in Granada is probably the most outstanding construction to have survived from this era.
Seeking to belie a picture of waning power, the Moors created their concept of paradise on Earth on this palace – fortress. Modest materials have been used, however they had been fantastically worked. Restored within the late 1800s after centuries of neglect and pillage, the Alhambra’s delicate craftsmanship dazzles the eye.
THE HISTORY OF NASRIDS
The Reconquista – a sequence of campaigns by Christian kingdoms to recapture territory lost to the Moors since 711 – began in northern Spain, arriving in Andalusia with a Christian victory in 1212. Because the Christians infiltrated the Moorish empire, Granada turned into the principal Muslim stronghold in Spain. The Nasrids came to power within the kingdom of Granada in 1236, ushering in a prolonged interval of peace and prosperity. Muhammad I, founding father of the Nasrid dynasty, undertook the building of the Alhambra and the Generalife in 1238, constructing a fortified complex of singular magnificence that grew to become . Granada finally fell in 1492 to Ferdinand and Isabella, the Catholic Monarchs.
The palaces of the Moors had been designed with gracious living, tradition, and studying in mind. Space, light, water, and ornamentation had been mixed to harmonious impact. The Alhambra in Granada has all the key traits of Moorish architecture: arches, stuccowork, and decorative use of calligraphy. The elaborate stuccowork typifies the Nasrid form. Reflections in water, mixed with an overall play of sunshine, are one other central function. Water usually needed to be pumped from a supply far beneath the palaces. The Moors launched strategies for making incredible mosaics of tiles in refined geometric patterns to embellish their palace walls. The phrase azulejo derives from the Arabic for “little stone.” Beautiful azulejos, made from unicolored stones, may be seen all through the Alhambra complex.