Named after Aruna, the Indian god of dawn, Wat Arun temple is considered one of Bangkok’s best-known landmarks. Legend says that King Taksin arrived right here from the sacked capital, Ayutthaya, in 1767. He enlarged the temple that stood on the location right into a royal chapel to accommodate probably the most revered image of the Buddha in Thailand: The Emerald Buddha. Rama I and Rama II have been responsible for the size of the present temple: the central prang, or tower, is 260 ft (79 m) tall and the circumference of its base is 768 ft (234 m). In the late nineteenth century, Rama IV added ornamentation created with damaged items of porcelain. The monument’s style is derived manly from Khmer architecture.
THE CHAKRI DYNASTY
In 1782, Chao Phraya Chakri (later King Rama I) established the Chakri dynasty in Krung Thep (Bangkok). The reigns of Rama I, II and III had been a time of stability. Rama II was a literary man, whereas Rama III was a staunch traditionalist. King Mongkut (Rama IV) modernized Siam (Thailand), and opened it as much as international commerce and influences. His son, King Chulalongkorn, or Rama V (1868- 1910), was maybe the best Chakn king. He furthered modernization by introducing monetary reforms and abolishing slavery. He was idealized by his subjects, and his funeral was a grand state affair. Even in the present day, he’s commemorated on Chulalongkorn Day (October 23).
Thailand’ s stone temple complexes, or prasats, had been buiit by the Khmers, who ruled a lot of Southeast Asia within the ninth-thirteenth centuries. Prasats had been constructed to represent kingship and the universe. Most have staircases or bridges lined with nagas (a seven-headed serpent considered the keeper of life’s force), resulting in a central monument. That is often adorned with carved stone reiiefs and topped by a prang (tower). Prangs symbolize Mount Meru, the abode of the gods in Hindu-Buddhist cosmology. Lintels and pediments over the entrances depict Hindu and Buddhist deities.