Perched on Lhasa’s highest level, the Potala Palace is arguably the best monumental construction in Tibet. 13 stories tall, with greater than 1,000 rooms, it was as soon as the residence of Tibet’s chief monk and chief, the Dalai Lama, and subsequently the middle for each religious and temporal energy. After the 14th Dalai Lama fled to India in 1959, the palace grew to become a museum, serving as a reminder of Tibet’s wealthy and devoutly non secular Buddhist tradition.
Palace is seven stories tall and was used primarily for secular functions. The highest three ranges have been constructed round a big central skywell and contained lodging and places of work for senior monks and officers, in addition to kitchens and storage areas. The Dalai Lama occupied two rooms on the highest flooring referred to as the East and West Sunshine Residences. Beneath the highest ranges lies the Nice East Corridor, an unlimited 7,500-sq ft (seven-hundred-sq m) meeting place for necessary political ceremonies. The decrease ranges of the palace are used for storage and supply a body that helps the primary buildings. The primary hallway, after the doorway, has a number of massive murals depicting the constructing of the Potala Palace and the arrival of Princess Wencheng.
On the coronary heart of the Potala complicated, the Purple Palace was meant for non secular considerations. It’s a sophisticated construction, with quite a few halls of worship in addition to the stays of eight Dalai Lamas inside magnificent stupas. Just like the Chapel of the thirteenth Dalai Lama, the Chapel of the fifth Dalai Lama holds an infinite funerary stupa that rises up over 40ft (12 m) It’s fabricated from sandalwood and reputed to be lined with almost 4 tons of gold and virtually 20,000 pearls and different gems. Different treasures on show embrace uncommon handwritten Buddhist sutras, and an excessive amount of statuary-among the best statues is the one in every of Maitreya in his personal chapel on the east facet of the highest ground.
The warrior king and founding father of the Tubo kingdom, Songtsen Gampo was born in AD 617 and constructed the unique Pot ala Palace for his spouse, Princess Wencheng. Most of it has lengthy since burned down-solely the Dharma Cave and the Saints’ Chapel stay from the seventh century. They’re each within the northern a part of the Crimson Palace. The Dharma Cave is claimed to be the place the place King Songtsen Gampo meditated. Inside, statues of the king, his chief ministers, and Princess Wencheng are commemorated. Within the Saints’ Chapel on the ground above, a number of vital Buddhist figures and the seventh, eighth, and ninth Dalai Lamas are enshrined and worshiped.