A twentieth-century city of pure invention, Brasilia is the realization of a seemingly impossible dream. President Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira (1956-60) was elected partly on the bas is of his extremely ambitious pledge to move the capital of Brazil 746 miles (1,200 km) inland, from Rio de Janeiro into the country’s empty center. This was miraculously achieved by the tens of hundreds of employees who created the specifically constructed metropolis from an space of scrubland. The principal public buildings, which embrace a cathedral, are strikingly designed. Brasilia fulfilled Kubitschek’s ambition to develop the nation’s inside and create a monument both to modern architecture and Brazil’s financial potential.
Brasilia’s distinctive design is known as the Pilot Plan. City planner Lucio Costa mentioned he merely used a form that adopted the lie of the land. He needed to form a centralized, geometric plan to create an excellent metropolis, and therefore a perfect society. The design is based on two axes: a Monumental Axis and a Residential Axis. Six huge avenues are supposed to offer the grandeur of a capital metropolis, with the Supreme Court, Congress Complex, and Presidential Palace (Pianalto Palace) representing the balance of the three powers. The residential area is made up of “superblocks” – six-story apartment buildings, grouped to form neighborhood units.
OSCAR NIEMEYER AND THE COMPETITION
The vision of Oscar Niemeyer has change into synonymous with the rise of modern Brazil. Born in 1907, Niemeyer graduated from Rio de Janeiro’s National College of Fine Arts in 1934 and collaborated with Lucio Costa and Le Corbusier on the brand new Ministry of Education and Health in Rio. His style turned extra daring as he integrated reinforced concrete into his buildings. He’s most likely best known for his designs for the main public buildings in Brasilia, such because the concave and convex domes of the National Congress, the straightforward but evocative cathedral and the spectacular Palace of Justice. A pioneer of modern architecture, he has gained quite a few prizes. In 1957, Lucio Costa and Oscar Niemeyer had been announced as the winners of the competition launched to choose the urban design of Brasilia.